If you do weight training and cardio, you probably do your cardio after the weight training. This order of doing things is beneficial, as this way round the cardio training won’t sap your energy for pumping iron. But according to a human study done by sports scientists at the University of Tsukuba, and published in Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, this order is also good for your cardio training as you burn more fat during the cardio part of your training.
The researchers did a trial with 10 healthy male students, average age 23. On one occasion the students had to cycle for 60 minutes at 50 percent of their VO2max. [E] That’s a bit more intensive than just pedalling along, but where you’re still capable of discussing your relationship problems.
On another occasion the test subjects did weight training before cycling. They did 3-4 sets of the shoulder press, butterfly, biceps curl, squat, bench press and lat pulldown, using weights at which they were just capable of doing 10 reps. After this they rested 20 minutes [RE20] and on another occasion they rested 120 minutes before they started their cardio workout [RE120].
To cut a long story short, the subjects lost more fat on the RE20 combination than on the E and RE120.
This is probably because adrenalin and noradrenalin are released during weight training, the researchers think. These stimulating hormones force the fat cells to release their contents into the bloodstream.
Another advantage is that doing cardio training after weight training gives a higher growth hormone peak. Growth hormone stimulates not only fat burning, but also muscle tissue recovery. In studies where athletes do cardio training before weight training, their growth hormone production is lower than you’d expect.
“This study showed that fat availability during submaximal exercise was enhanced by prior resistance exercise”, the researchers write in their conclusion. “However, augmentation of fat oxidation during the submaximal exercise was observed only in the trial with a shorter rest period between resistance and submaximal endurance exercises.”
Effects of resistance exercise on lipolysis during subsequent submaximal exercise.
This study examined effects of prior resistance exercise on fat metabolism during subsequent submaximal exercise with different recovery periods between exercise bouts.
Ten male subjects performed three types of exercise regimens: 1) submaximal endurance exercise only (E), 2) submaximal endurance exercise with prior resistance exercise and 20 min of rest (RE20), and 3) submaximal endurance exercise with prior resistance exercise and 120 min of rest (RE120). Resistance exercise consisted of six exercises, each with three to four sets at 10-repetition maximum. Subjects performed cycle ergometer exercise at 50% of the maximal oxygen uptake for 60 min.
Prior resistance exercise caused increases in blood lactate, plasma norepinephrine, serum growth hormone (GH), insulin, and glycerol concentrations (P < 0.01). Before the submaximal exercise, serum free fatty acid (FFA) concentration was higher in the RE120 than in the RE20 and E trials (P < 0.01), although concentrations of plasma norepinephrine, serum GH, insulin, and glycerol were higher in the RE20 than in the RE120 and E trials (P < 0.05). Concentrations of FFA and glycerol during the 60-min submaximal exercise were higher in the RE120 and RE20 trials than in the E trial (P < 0.05). No significant difference was observed in the acetoacetate and 3-hydroxybutyrate responses. In the RE20 trial, fat oxidation throughout the 60-min submaximal exercise (mean value) was greater than in the E trial (P < 0.05), but no significant difference was found between the RE120 and E trials. CONCLUSION: Fat availability during the submaximal exercise was enhanced by prior resistance exercise. However, augmentation of fat oxidation was observed only in the trial with shorter rest between resistance exercise and submaximal exercise bouts (RE20 trial). PMID: 17277595 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17277595