American Academy of Pediatrics adopts anti-sports & energy-drink stance
by Anthony Roberts
This little article has been making news lately, but the mainstream media has opted, as usual, to summarize it, without republishing the abstract. I know that a large portion of my readership probably has kids, and probably doesn’t regularly give them sports drinks (or other sugar laden drinks), but I thought I’d share the abstract, so you can see what the fuss is all about. Interestingly, this group of esteemed scientists simply used googlez and teh interwebz, and based their report on those findings. Nice job, brahs.
Department of Pediatrics and the Pediatric Integrative Medicine Program, University of Miami, Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida
Objective: To review the effects, adverse consequences, and extent of energy-drink consumption among children, adolescents, and young adults.
Methods: We searched PubMed and Google using “energy drink,” “sports drink,” “guarana,” “caffeine,” “taurine,” “ADHD,” “diabetes,” “children,” “adolescents,” “insulin,” “eating disorders,” and “poison control center” to identify articles related to energy drinks. Manufacturer Web sites were reviewed for product information.
According to self-report surveys, energy drinks are consumed by 30% to 50% of adolescents and young adults. Frequently containing high and unregulated amounts of caffeine, these drinks have been reported in association with serious adverse effects, especially in children, adolescents, and young adults with seizures, diabetes, cardiac abnormalities, or mood and behavioral disorders or those who take certain medications. Of the 5448 US caffeine overdoses reported in 2007, 46% occurred in those younger than 19 years. Several countries and states have debated or restricted their sales and advertising.
Energy drinks have no therapeutic benefit, and many ingredients are understudied and not regulated. The known and unknown pharmacology of agents included in such drinks, combined with reports of toxicity, raises concern for potentially serious adverse effects in association with energy-drink use. In the short-term, pediatricians need to be aware of the possible effects of energy drinks in vulnerable populations and screen for consumption to educate families. Long-term research should aim to understand the effects in at-risk populations. Toxicity surveillance should be improved, and regulations of energy-drink sales and consumption should be based on appropriate research.